UroVysion FISH for Urothelial Carcinoma

  • May aid in diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma in individuals with hematuria
  • Use to monitor for tumor recurrence in patients previously diagnosed with urothelial carcinoma
  • Detects amplification of chromosomes 3, 7, 17, and deletion of the 9p21 locus
Related Tests
  • Aids in management of patients with bladder cancer in conjunction with cystoscopy
  • Qualitative assay detects bladder tumor-associated antigen in urine of patients diagnosed with bladder cancer

Aids in diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma in conjunction with standard diagnostic procedures and monitoring for tumor recurrence

Urothelial carcinoma shows a high recurrence rate; therefore, ongoing, lifelong surveillance is necessary. Bladder cancer can be identified by enumerating morphologically abnormal cells with aneuploidy of chromosomes 3, 7, 17, or by the loss of both chromosomal 9p21 segments.

Molecular testing can be used in conjunction with other standard procedures for diagnosis or to monitor patients for recurrence of urothelial carcinoma. Compared with cystoscopy, molecular testing is noninvasive. The UroVysion FISH test is designed to detect chromosomal abnormalities associated with urothelial cell carcinoma in voided urine specimens.

Disease Overview

Incidence

The following are the estimated numbers of new urinary system cancer cases in the United States per year :

  • Urinary bladder cancer: ~81,400
  • Kidney and renal pelvis: ~73,750
  • Ureter and other urinary organs : ~3,970

Symptoms

Two primary symptoms associated with urothelial carcinoma are :

  • Hematuria
  • Irritative voiding

Screening/Diagnosis Issues

Individuals complaining of mild hematuria are traditionally tested for the presence of neoplastic lesions with the following tests:

  • Cytology 
    • More sensitive to high-grade lesions
    • May miss low-grade papillary tumors
  • Cystoscopy 
    • Can detect low-grade papillary tumors

Genetics

Variants

  • Amplification of chromosomes 3, 7, 17
  • Deletion of the 9p21 locus

Test Interpretation

Sensitivity/Specificity

  • Clinical sensitivity: 68-81%
  • Clinical specificity: 79-96%

Results

Result Laboratory Finding

Positive

Detection of ≥1 of the following numeric chromosomal abnormalities commonly associated with urothelial carcinomaa:

  • ≥4 cells show gains for ≥2 chromosomes (3, 7, or 17) in the same cell
  • ≥12 cells have no 9p21 signals

Negative

Lack of evidence for the presence of numeric chromosomal abnormalities commonly associated with urothelial carcinoma within the cells collected in specimen

aIn the absence of clinical documentation of urothelial carcinoma within the bladder, a positive result suggests the possibility of urothelial carcinoma or other urologic malignancy in the ureter, urethra, kidney, or prostate. Further clinical evaluation to exclude these tissues as a source of abnormal cells is recommended.

Source: Abbott, 2014 

Limitations

  • Some urothelial cancers will not be detected
  • Negative results in the presence of other symptoms/signs of urothelial carcinoma may suggest possibility of false-negative test result
  • Gene variants or defects other than amplification of chromosomes 3, 7, or 17, and deletion (loss) of 9p21 locus are not detected

References