Head and Neck Cancer
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck is the most common malignancy (90%) of the upper aerodigestive tract. Cancer can develop in several different parts of the head and neck; some of the most common include oral cancer, laryngeal cancer, pharyngeal (throat) cancer, nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancers, thyroid cancer, and parathyroid tumors. These carcinomas have historically been associated with substance use (tobacco and alcohol). Currently, there has been an epidemiological shift with up to 70% of these cancers being associated with human papillomavirus (HPV). All head and neck SCCs should be tested for HPV, as these cancers have a different course and prognosis.
Last Update: February 2019