Cytomegalovirus - CMV

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common infection. In the United States, nearly one in three children is infected by 5 years of age, and more than 50% of adults have been infected by 40 years of age.  CMV can be transmitted in several ways: congenitally, by blood transfusion or organ transplantation, and through direct contact with urine or saliva.  The virus is generally asymptomatic in immunocompetent children and adults but can lead to serious complications in neonates, pregnant women, immunocompromised individuals, and those receiving transplants.  Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing is commonly used to detect and quantify viral load.  Serology is most useful in immunocompetent individuals, in pregnant women with possible active infection, and during pretransplant analysis.  

Tabs Content
Content Review: 
November 2019

Last Update: November 2019