Pain and Addiction Management - Drug Testing

Many substances that are prescribed for legitimate indications are found to be taken incorrectly (either inadvertently or purposefully), shared, sold, or otherwise misdirected. In addition, many substances are available for illicit use, including prescription substances (eg, opioids, Adderall, Xanax) and or nonprescription drugs (eg, heroin, methamphetamines).

To ensure safe and effective therapy, current practice guidelines recommend monitoring patients for adherence to prescribed medication(s) and abstinence from nonprescribed drugs through periodic drug tests (AAFP, 2017). However, drug testing strategies and testing methods are not standardized, adding challenges to the selection of the right test, collection of the appropriate specimen, and interpretation of test results.

Tabs Content

Content Review: 
February 2018

Last Update: March 2018