Heart Failure

Heart failure (HF), a common clinical syndrome with high morbidity and mortality, results from a structural or functional cardiac issue that leads to impaired ventricular filling or ejection.   The incidence of HF increases with age.  Symptoms and signs of HF are nonspecific, which presents a diagnostic challenge. These symptoms include dyspnea, fatigue, exercise intolerance, fluid retention, and edema.  Natriuretic peptides, particularly B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), may be used to support a diagnosis of HF, inform prognosis, guide therapy, and monitor disease progression and therapeutic response.   Additional laboratory testing may be used to identify possible HF etiologies or alternative diagnoses,  inform prognosis, and monitor treatment and the development of comorbidities.

Tabs Content
Content Review: 
April 2019

Last Update: August 2019