Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by decreased bone strength and density. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the gold standard test for diagnosis. Laboratory testing is useful in ruling out secondary causes of osteoporosis. Bone turnover marker testing is available but is not the primary method for diagnosing or monitoring osteoporosis.

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Content Review: 
May 2018

Last Update: October 2019